Relationship between Menstrual Profile and Psychological Stress with Dysmenorrhea

Main Authors: Maryam, Maryam, Ritonga, Mulyanusa Amarullah, Istriati, Istriati
Format: Article info application/pdf eJournal
Bahasa: eng
Terbitan: Althea Medical Journal , 2016
Subjects:
Online Access: http://journal.fk.unpad.ac.id/index.php/amj/article/view/884
http://journal.fk.unpad.ac.id/index.php/amj/article/view/884/813
ctrlnum article-884
fullrecord <?xml version="1.0"?> <dc schemaLocation="http://www.openarchives.org/OAI/2.0/oai_dc/ http://www.openarchives.org/OAI/2.0/oai_dc.xsd"><title lang="en-US">Relationship between Menstrual Profile and Psychological Stress with Dysmenorrhea</title><creator>Maryam, Maryam</creator><creator>Ritonga, Mulyanusa Amarullah</creator><creator>Istriati, Istriati</creator><subject lang="en-US"/><subject lang="en-US">Dysmenorrhea, medical students, menstrual profile, psychological stress</subject><description lang="en-US">Background: Dysmenorrhea or menstrual cramps is the most common menstrual complaint among reproductive women in developing countries. The prevalence of dysmenorrhea is ranged from 19&#x2013;91%. Many studies showed that factors associated with dysmenorrhea include a younger age, nulliparity, family history of dysmenorrhea, prolonged menstrual duration, high menstrual flow, psychological factors, and lifestyle. The objective of this study was to compare female medical students with dysmenorrhea and without dysmenorrhea regarding menstrual profile and psychological stress, also to examine the relationship between psychological stress and dysmenorrhea specifically..Methods: This cross-sectional study was conducted among 136 fourth year female medical students of Universitas Padjadjaran. It used a structured, self-assessment, validated, and reliable questionnaire, such as Wong Baker Faces&#xAE; Pain Rating Scale in combination with Numeric Scale Pain, and Depression, Anxiety, Stress Scale (DASS-42). Then, the descriptive data analysis and chi-square hypothesis test were used to explore the relationship between the severity of psychological stress and the presence or severity of dysmenorrhea.Results: Family history of dysmenorrhea had a strongest relationship with dysmenorrhea. Nevertheless, there was no statistically significant interaction between the severity of stress and the presence of last menstrual cramps (p 0.745, Odd Ratio 1.15, 95% Confidence Interval 0.5&#x2013;2.66). However, a positive relationship between the severity of stress and dysmenorrhea in last menstruation was found in this study (p 0.033, Odd Ratio 3.69, 95% Confidence Interval 1.06&#x2013;12.8).Conclusions: The severity of stress and dysmenorrhea in last menstruation is related among the subjects with dysmenorrhea. [AMJ.2016;3(3):382&#x2013;7]DOI: 10.15850/amj.v3n3.884&#xA0;</description><publisher lang="en-US">Althea Medical Journal</publisher><publisher lang="id-ID">Althea Medical Journal</publisher><contributor lang="en-US"/><date>2016-11-28</date><type>Journal:Article</type><type>Other:info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion</type><type>Journal:Article</type><type>Other:</type><type>File:application/pdf</type><identifier>http://journal.fk.unpad.ac.id/index.php/amj/article/view/884</identifier><source lang="en-US">Althea Medical Journal; Vol 3, No 3 (2016); 382&#x2013;387</source><source lang="id-ID">Althea Medical Journal; Vol 3, No 3 (2016); 382&#x2013;387</source><source>2337-4330</source><language>eng</language><relation>http://journal.fk.unpad.ac.id/index.php/amj/article/view/884/813</relation><rights lang="en-US">Copyright (c) 2016 Althea Medical Journal</rights><rights lang="en-US">http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0</rights><recordID>article-884</recordID></dc>
language eng
format Journal:Article
Journal
Other:info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion
Other
Other:
File:application/pdf
File
Journal:eJournal
author Maryam, Maryam
Ritonga, Mulyanusa Amarullah
Istriati, Istriati
title Relationship between Menstrual Profile and Psychological Stress with Dysmenorrhea
publisher Althea Medical Journal
publishDate 2016
topic Dysmenorrhea
medical students
menstrual profile
psychological stress
url http://journal.fk.unpad.ac.id/index.php/amj/article/view/884
http://journal.fk.unpad.ac.id/index.php/amj/article/view/884/813
contents Background: Dysmenorrhea or menstrual cramps is the most common menstrual complaint among reproductive women in developing countries. The prevalence of dysmenorrhea is ranged from 19–91%. Many studies showed that factors associated with dysmenorrhea include a younger age, nulliparity, family history of dysmenorrhea, prolonged menstrual duration, high menstrual flow, psychological factors, and lifestyle. The objective of this study was to compare female medical students with dysmenorrhea and without dysmenorrhea regarding menstrual profile and psychological stress, also to examine the relationship between psychological stress and dysmenorrhea specifically..Methods: This cross-sectional study was conducted among 136 fourth year female medical students of Universitas Padjadjaran. It used a structured, self-assessment, validated, and reliable questionnaire, such as Wong Baker Faces® Pain Rating Scale in combination with Numeric Scale Pain, and Depression, Anxiety, Stress Scale (DASS-42). Then, the descriptive data analysis and chi-square hypothesis test were used to explore the relationship between the severity of psychological stress and the presence or severity of dysmenorrhea.Results: Family history of dysmenorrhea had a strongest relationship with dysmenorrhea. Nevertheless, there was no statistically significant interaction between the severity of stress and the presence of last menstrual cramps (p 0.745, Odd Ratio 1.15, 95% Confidence Interval 0.5–2.66). However, a positive relationship between the severity of stress and dysmenorrhea in last menstruation was found in this study (p 0.033, Odd Ratio 3.69, 95% Confidence Interval 1.06–12.8).Conclusions: The severity of stress and dysmenorrhea in last menstruation is related among the subjects with dysmenorrhea. [AMJ.2016;3(3):382–7]DOI: 10.15850/amj.v3n3.884
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